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Microbes found to destroy certain ‘forever chemicals’

UC Riverside environmental engineering team has discovered specific bacterial species that can destroy certain kinds of “forever chemicals,” a step further toward low-cost treatments of contaminated drinking water sources. The microorganisms belong to the genus Acetobacterium and they are commonly…

Research shows protein isoform inhibitors may hold the key to making opioids safer

Researchers at the University of Arizona Health Sciences identified a new way to make opioids safer, increasing the pain-relieving properties of opioids while decreasing unwanted side effects through the spinal inhibition of a Heat shock protein 90 isoform. Opioids are…

How astronomers are using pulsars to observe evidence of dark matter

Tantalising evidence of potential dark matter objects has been detected with the help of the Universe’s ‘timekeepers’. These pulsars — neutron stars which rotate and emit lighthouse-like beams of radio waves that rapidly sweep through space — were used to…

American diets got briefly healthier, more diverse during COVID-19 pandemic, study finds

American diets may have gotten healthier and more diverse in the months following the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study led by Penn State researchers. The study — published in PLOS ONE — found that as…

New research demonstrates potential for increasing effectiveness of popular diabetes, weight-loss drugs

A network of proteins found in the central nervous system could be harnessed to increase the effectiveness and reduce the side effects of popular diabetes and weight-loss drugs, according to new research from the University of Michigan. The study, appearing…

Artificial intelligence outperforms clinical tests at predicting progress of Alzheimer’s disease

Cambridge scientists have developed an artificially-intelligent tool capable of predicting in four cases out of five whether people with early signs of dementia will remain stable or develop Alzheimer’s disease. The team say this new approach could reduce the need…

When to trust an AI model

  Because machine-learning models can give false predictions, researchers often equip them with the ability to tell a user how confident they are about a certain decision. This is especially important in high-stake settings, such as when models are used…

Vivid portrait of interacting galaxies marks Webb’s second anniversary

Two for two! A duo of interacting galaxies commemorates the second science anniversary of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, which takes constant observations, including images and highly detailed data known as spectra. Its operations have led to a “parade” of…

Groundbreaking study reveals insights into Alzheimer’s disease mechanisms through novel hydrogel matrix

Researchers at the Terasaki Institute for Biomedical Innovation (TIBI) have unveiled a pioneering study shedding light on the intricate mechanisms underlying Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The study, titled “Effects of amyloid-β-mimicking peptide hydrogel matrix on neuronal progenitor cell phenotype,” represents a…

A chemical claw machine bends and stretches when exposed to vapors

Scientists at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia have developed a tiny “claw machine” that is able to pick up and drop a marble-sized ball in response to exposure to chemical vapors. The findings, published…